1. Three presidents, all Founding Fathers—John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe—died on July 4. Presidents Adams and Jefferson also died the same year, 1826; President Monroe died in 1831. Coincidence? You decide.
2. The Barbie doll’s full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts, from Willows, Wisconsin. Her birthday is March 9, 1959, when she was first displayed at the New York Toy Fair.
3. There actually aren’t “57 varieties” of Heinz ketchup, and never were. Company founder H.J. Heinz thought his product should have a number, and he liked 57. Hint: Hit the glass bottle on the “57,” not the bottom, to get the ketchup to flow.
4. The tallest man ever recorded was American giant Robert Wadlow (1918–1940), who stood 8 feet 11 inches. Wadlow’s size was the result of abnormally enlarged pituitary gland.
5. The first college football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton (then known as the College of New Jersey) in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Rutgers won.
6. Experiments in universities have actually been carried out to figure out how many licks it takes to get to the center of a Tootsie Pop, both with machine and human lickers (because this is important scientific knowledge!). The results ranged from 252 to 411.
7. The Four Corners is the only spot in the US where you can stand in four states at once: Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico.
8. The original name for the search engine Google was Backrub. It was renamed Google after the googol, which is the number one followed by 100 zeros.
9. The oldest-known living land animal is a tortoise named Jonathan, who is 187 years old. He was born in 1832 and has lived on the island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean since 1882.
10. Bats are the only mammal that can actually fly.
11. The heart of the blue whale, is five feet long and weighs 400 pounds.
12. Octopuses have three hearts.
13. The platypus doesn’t have a stomach at all: Their esophagus goes straight to their intestines.
14. Polar bears have black skin. And actually, their fur isn’t white—it’s see-through, so it appears white as it reflects light.
15. Flamingoes are only pink because of chemicals called carotenoids in the algae and fish (which also eat the algae) they eat; their feathers are grayish white when they’re born.
16. Mosquitoes are the deadliest animal in the world: They kill more people than any other creature, due to the diseases they carry.
17. The wedding of Princess Diana and Prince Charles was watched by 750 million people worldwide in 1981; sadly, 2.5 billion watched her funeral in 1997.
18. With 3.572 billion viewers, half the world’s population watched the 2018 FIFA World Cup of soccer (or football, as many international fans call it), which is held every four years. That number is on par with the 2016 Summer Olympics; but only a quarter of the world watched the less-popular Winter Olympics in 2018.
19. There are no muscles in your fingers: Their function is controlled by muscles in your palms and arms.
20. The hardest working muscle in your body is your heart: It pumps more than 2,000 gallons of blood a day and beats more than 2.5 billion times in a 70-year life span.
21. The earth’s circumference is 24,900 miles.
22. According to recent research, the human nose can distinguish at least a trillion different odors.
23. There is no letter “q” in any US state name .
24. The word “strengths” is the longest word in the English language with only one vowel.
25. German chocolate cake doesn’t come from Germany. It was named for a person, Sam German, who created a type of baking chocolate for Baker’s in 1852.
26. Almost all commercially grown artichokes, 99.9 percent, come from California. One town in particular, Castroville, is nicknamed “the Artichoke Capital of the World.”
27. The different colors of Froot Loops cereal all taste the same—they’re not individual flavors.
28. What’s inside a Kit Kat? Broken Kit Kats that are damaged during production—they get ground up and go between the wafers inside, along with cocoa and sugar. That’s a way to not let anything go to waste!
29. The difference between jam and jelly is that jam is made with mashed up fruit while jelly is made with fruit juice.
30. Flamin’ Hot Cheetos were developed by a janitor at Frito-Lay, Richard Montanez, who got the idea after putting chili powder on some reject Cheetos and then pitched it to the CEO. He’s now a successful executive and motivational speaker, and a movie is in the works about his life.
31. Coca-Cola actually sells soup in a can. Bistrone is a nourishing meal on the go, available in two flavors in Japan.
32. The biggest pizza ever created was 13,580 square feet, made in Rome, Italy, in 2012. The pizza was gluten-free and named “Ottavia” after a roman emperor.
33. The Empire State Building in New York was the tallest building in the world from 1931 until 1971, and was the first building of over 100 floors.
34. The first footprints on the moon will remain there for a million years.
35. Contrary to popular belief, it’s really, really hard to see the Great Wall of China from space, particularly with the naked eye.
36. Humans could never “land” on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus or Neptune because they are made of gas and have no solid surface.
37. But you could ice skate on one of Jupiter’s moons, Europa, which is covered in ice. An Axel jump would take you 22 feet in the air!
38. Our modern interpretation of Santa Claus with a red outfit and white beard is due in large part to holiday Coca-Cola ads that began in 1931.
39. Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, wasn’t the first to introduce Christmas trees to Britain from his native Germany—Queen Charlotte did that in the late 1700s. But, Victoria and Albert are credited with popularizing the custom in the mid-1800s.
40. Buckingham Palace in London, England, has 775 rooms, including 78 bathrooms.
41. The White House in Washington, DC, has 132 rooms, including 35 bathrooms.
42. It takes 570 gallons to paint the exterior of the White House.
43. The teddy bear is named after President Theodore Roosevelt. After he refused to shoot a captured black bear on a hunt, a stuffed-animal maker decided to create a bear and name it after the president.
44. People started wearing pajamas, originally spelled “pyjamas,” instead of nightgowns so they’d be prepared to run outside in public during World War I air raids in England.
45. We shake hands to show we’re unarmed.
46. More people visit France than any other country (Spain is second; the US third).
47. You can still stay at the world’s oldest hotel, Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan in Japan, which was founded in 705 AD.
48. The coldest temperature ever recorded occurred in Antarctica, -144 Fahrenheit, as reported by researchers in a scientific journal in 2018.
49. Japan records the most earthquakes of any country in the world; but the most earthquakes actually occurs in Indonesia.
50. Sweden has 267,570 islands, the most of any country in the world.